is a Steroid (Injectable) retail cost $24.00/5mL vial; Black Market
cost @200-$400.00. Effectiveness Questioned: For more than four
decades, researchers and athletes have debated the true effect
of anabolic steroids on human body composition and exercise performance.
Animal studies tend to show positive gains from steroid use; The
situation with Humans is often difficult to interpret. Some studies
show augmented body mass gains and reduced body fat with steroid
use in men who train, while other studies show no effects, even
with sufficient energy and protein intake to support an anabolic
effect. In the opinion of two of the best authorities on this
subject ( Frank and William Katch) "the infrequent but distinct
possibility of harmful side effects from anabolic steroid treatment,
particularly orally administered steroids, greatly outweighs any
potential ergogenic effect".
Steroid use with exercise training may lead to connective tissue damage that decreases tensile strength and elastic compliance of tendons. Furthermore, steroids cause(1) chronic stimulation of the prostate gland (may increase prostate size), (2) injury and functional alterations in cardiovascular function and myocardial cell cultures, (3) possible pathological ventricular growth and dysfunction when combined with resistance training, and(4) increased blood platelet aggregation. This alone could compromise cardiovascular system health and function, and possible risk of stroke and acute myocardial infarction.
Concern centers on evidence about possible links between androgen abuse and abnormal liver function. Development of localized blood filled lesions (cysts), a condition called Peliosis hepatitis. In the extreme, the liver eventually fails (or intra-abdominal hemorrhage develops) and the patient dies. Preliminary data also suggest that anabolic steroids interfere with the responsiveness of the body's immune system. My advice- Don't Take Them!! It isn't worth the risk!
I suggest you contact the American College of Sports Medicine in Indianapolis, Indiana; here you can get their official stance on this subject (in writing).
More than 100 companies in the United States market (supposedly legal) alternatives for "activating" the body's normal anabolic mechanisms. Weight lifters, body builders, and fitness enthusiasts use amino acid supplements believing they boost the body's natural production of the anabolic hormones testosterone, growth hormone (GH), insulin, or insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) to improve muscle size and strength and decrease body fat.
The rational for trying nutritional ergognic stimulants comes from the clinical use of amino acid infusion or ingestion in deficient patients to regulate anabolic hormones.
Research on healthy subjects Does Not provide convincing evidence for an ergogenic effect or oral amino acid supplements (like HGH) on hormone secretion, training responsiveness, or exercise performance.
Additionally, the indiscriminate use of amino acid supplements at dosages considered pharmacological rather than nutritional raises the possibility of direct toxic effects or the creation of an Amino acid imbalance.